A package manager (or package management system) is a group of utilities that make it easy to install and remove programs from an operating system. It is widely used in Unix and Unix like operating systems. Its biggest supporter is the Linux operating platform.
Although macOS is a Unix-based operating system, it has never had a great deal of advanced package managers. Homebrew became the primary package management system on macOS.
Here is a guide that explains what Homebrew can do for you and how it can help you install programs on Mac.
What is Homebrew?
Homebrew is a free, open-source package management tool for macOS and Linux. It lets you install, update, or remove programs (applications/utilities) on your Mac from the command line. Additionally, it provides access to many command-line utilities such as git and wget.
Homebrew also includes an extension called Cask or Homebrew Cask that helps you manage GUI-based programs. This extension can be used when you need to install, update and remove graphics applications on your Mac such as VLC or Spotify, Atom.
All Homebrew packages installed now live below /usr / local / Cellar These and other related topics are /usr / local /bin This will make it much easier to find and launch GUI applications. Applications Directory works exactly the same way as any GUI application on your Mac.
What are benefits of using Homebrew?
Homebrew has many advantages when it comes to managing utilities and other applications on your Mac. These are just a few of the many benefits Homebrew offers over the traditional way of installing, updating, or uninstalling apps.
- Homebrew makes it easy to install, update, or remove apps.
- It saves time and allows you to update, install, and delete apps in bulk.
- Package Manager eliminates clutter from your storage by removing all files that are connected to a program when it is uninstalled on your Mac. [ It is possible that some files related to a program will not be entirely deleted from the system.
- Homebrew simplifies device portability, making it simple to move Homebrew packages between your current machine and a newer machine.
Prerequisites required to use Homebrew
Homebrew is already installed on macOS. Start the Terminal app, and then type in Homebrew.
If it returns an error, Homebrew can be found on your system. It is important to run this command to ensure that it updates to the most recent version.
To install Homebrew, however, you can use these commands:
c "$(curl–fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install.sh"
Next, make certain that Xcode is running on your Mac. If you run out of disk space, or don’t want the full application installed on your Mac, you can install its essential utilities (command-line) by running Homebrew:
How to install Homebrew packages?
After all Homebrew prerequisites are met, you’re now ready to install utilities and applications on your Mac.
Not to be missed: Homebrew Cask apps and Homebrew Packages are both called formulas.
Depending upon the package that you are installing on your Mac (command line utility, graphical app), Brew Cask is required to complete the installation.
1. Homebrew commands line utilities: Installing
Homebrew is required to install any command line utility or formulas on your Mac. Start the Terminal and type the following syntaxes.
You can find a package by running:
Let’s take, for instance:
To install a Package:
Let’s take, for instance:
brew Install git
Upgrade a package from an older version
brew update package_name
To delete a package:
2. Homebrew allows for the installation of graphics applications
Installing graphical apps with a GUI is different to installing regular programs (or command line utilities).kegIt is necessary to use a different set of commands. Below are Homebrew Cask commands for installing and uninstalling GUI apps / Kegs.
Run this command to perform a quick search of the Homebrew Cask Library app store:
Brew cask search app_name
To install an Application:
brew kask install app_name
Let’s take, for instance:
Brew Cask Install Google-chrome
See the full list of Homebrew Cask Apps.
To upgrade an already existing Homebrew program:
Brew cask upgrade package_name
You can delete an app by following these steps:
3. Install packages from other repositories
Homebrew offers a large range of packages. However there are many more packages (command line tools, GUI apps) than the Package Manager.
In such cases, the tap functionality is available. It allows you to access or access other repositories in order to install packages on your Mac.
This syntax will allow you to install a package that is not available in your repository.
Brew Tap URL
After you have navigated the repository, you will be able to install the package using either the Brew command or the Brew Cask command depending on whether or not it is a graphical application or a command-line utility. Please see the following.
You can remove a faucet you’ve added by running:
Few Other useful Homebrew Commands
Other than the commands mentioned above, which cover updating and removing packages from a package, there are also some Homebrew commands you can use to help manage it on macOS.
1. Expired Infusion
If your Mac’s Homebrew programs/packages are not up to date,Infusion of staleThe list will include all of these packages, so that you can update them to the current version.
Homebrew automatically updates your system and packages every time you run the update or upgrade commands. Some packages might not get updated automatically in order to avoid compatibility issues.
Homebrew offers solutions to these problems Brewing spindle If you do not want to upgrade the package, you can pin it. The following syntax can be used to accomplish this:
3. Doctor brewer
As you can see from the name, it is called theBrewer doctorThis command examines your system to identify any issues that might prevent Homebrew’s functioning.
4.Cleaning the infusion
Homebrew is able to create many junk files, either redundant or old, that can eat up a lot disk space. Let’s face it, there is more than one way to do something. Clean the infusion command can be used to delete old versions of packages, and free up space in your storage.
Homebrew is a great way to manage your Mac programs.
Homebrew makes it much easier to manage your package on Mac. With our guide above, it should be easy to use Homebrew to accomplish almost any operation. This includes updating or installing packages and uninstalling them.
That’s how you can install and manage packages through Homebrew on MacOS. For more such in depth how-to’s and guides, check out our how-to section of the website.